Show Git Branch in Terminal

PS1 stands for Prompt String 1. It is the one of the prompts available in the Linux/UNIX shell. When you open your terminal, it will display the content defined in the PS1 variable in your bash prompt. We can use this to display the name of the current Git branch in our prompt.

The parse_git_branch function does some regex parsing magic to the branch name. The output of this will be set in the PS1 variable.

\u \h and \W stand for the user, hostname and the working directory. [\033[32m\] and [\033[00m\] is the colour the branch will be displayed.

# Git branch in prompt.
parse_git_branch() {
  git branch 2> /dev/null | sed -e '/^[^*]/d' -e 's/* \(.*\)/ (\1)/'
export PS1="\u@\h \W\[\033[32m\]\$(parse_git_branch)\[\033[00m\] $ "

Open your bash_profile and add the above code to it. Using a basic terminal based text editor like vim you can open the bash_profile by running the following command

vim ~/.bash_profile

Then press to allow for text input and paste the above code in. Then press esc to exit text input mode and type :wq to save the file and quit. When you have done this you will need to reload the bash_profile for the system to reflect your changes.

source ~/.bash_profile

You should now see the Git branch name displayed when you are in a directory that has Git initialised!


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